Fellow Nurses! Learn To Make Money Online For Free!

Feb 27, 2009

Community Organizing Participatory Action Research (COPAR) Nursing

Community Organizing Participatory Action Research (COPAR) - is a continuous and a sustained process of:

  1. Educating the people - to understand and develop their critical consiousness
  2. Working with people - to work collectively and effectively on their immediate and long term problems
  3. Mobilizing with people - develop their capability and readiness to respond, take action on their immediate needs towards solving the long term problems
The process and structure through which members of a community are/or become organized for participation in health care and community development activities

- the sequence of steps whereby members of a community come together to critically assess to evaluate community conditions and work together to improve those conditions.

- refers to a particular group of community members that work together for a common health and health related goals.

Emphasis of COPAR:
  1. Community working to solve its own problem
  2. Direction is established internally and externally
  3. Development and implementation of a specific project less important than the development of the capacity of the community to establish the project
  4. Consciousness raising involves perceiving health and medical care within the total structure of society
Importance of COPAR:
  • COPAR maximizes community participation and involvement
  • COPAR could be an alternative in situations wherein health interventions in Public Health Care do not require direct involvement of modern medical practitioners
  • COPAR gets people actively involved in selection and support of community health workers
  • Through COPAR, community resources are mobilized for selected health services
  • COPAR improves both projects effectiveness during implementation
Phases of COPAR Process:

1. Pre-Entry Phase - is the intial phase of the organizing process where the community organizer looks for communities to serve and help. Acitivities include:

Preparation of the Institution

    • Train faculty and students in COPAR.
    • Formulate plans for institutionalizing COPAR.
    • Revise/enrich curriculum and immersion program.
    • Coordinate participants of other departments.

Site Selection

    • Initial networking with local government.
    • Conduct preliminary special investigation.
    • Make long/short list of potential communities.
    • Do ocular survey of listed communities.

Criteria for Initial Site Selection

    • Must have a population of 100-200 families.
    • Economically depressed.
    • No strong resistance from the community.
    • No serious peace and order problem.
    • No similar group or organization holding the same program.

Identifying Potential Municipalities

    • Make long/short list.

Identifying Potential Barangay

    • Do the same process as in selecting municipality.
    • Consult key informants and residents.
    • Coordinate with local government and NGOs for future activities.

Choosing Final Barangay

    • Conduct informal interviews with community residents and key informants.
    • Determine the need of the program in the community.
    • Take note of political development.
    • Develop community profiles for secondary data.
    • Develop survey tools.
    • Pay courtesy call to community leaders.
    • Choose foster families based on guidelines.

Identifying Host Family

    • House is strategically located in the community.
    • Should not belong to the rich segment.
    • Respected by both formal and informal leaders.
    • Neighbors are not hesitant to enter the house.
    • No member of the host family should be moving out in the community.

2. Entry Phase - sometimes called the social preparation phase. Is crucial in determining which strategies for organizing would suit the chosen community. Success of the activities depend on how much the community organizers has integrated with the commuity.

Guidelines for Entry

    • Recognize the role of local authorities by paying them visits to inform their presence and activities.
    • Her appearance, speech, behavior and lifestyle should be in keeping with those of the community residents without disregard of their being role model.
    • Avoid raising the consciousness of the community residents; adopt a low-key profile.

Activities in the Entry Phase

    • Integration - establishing rapport with the people in continuing effort to imbibe community life.
      • living with the community
      • seek out to converse with people where they usually congregate
      • lend a hand in household chores
      • avoid gambling and drinking
    • Deepening social investigation/community study
      • verification and enrichment of data collected from initial survey
      • conduct baseline survey by students, results relayed through community assembly

Core Group Formation

    • Leader spotting through sociogram.

      Key persons - approached by most people
      Opinion leader - approach by key persons
      Isolates - never or hardly consulted

3. Organization-building Phase

Entails the formation of more formal structure and the inclusion of more formal procedure of planning, implementing, and evaluating community-wise activities. It is at this phase where the organized leaders or groups are being given training (formal, informal, OJT) to develop their style in managing their own concerns/programs.

Key Activities

    • Community Health Organization (CHO)
      • preparation of legal requirements
      • guidelines in the organization of the CHO by the core group
      • election of officers
    • Research Team Committee
    • Planning Committee
    • Health Committee Organization
    • Others
    • Formation of by-laws by the CHO

4. Sustenance and Strengthening Phase

Occurs when the community organization has already been established and the community members are already actively participating in community-wide undertakings. At this point, the different committees setup in the organization-building phase are already expected to be functioning by way of planning, implementing and evaluating their own programs, with the overall guidance from the community-wide organization.

Key Activities

    • Training of CHO for monitoring and implementing of community health program.
    • Identification of secondary leaders.
    • Linkaging and networking.
    • Conduct of mobilization on health and development concerns.
    • Implementation of livelihood projects.


Anonymous March 16, 2009 at 4:35 AM  

Thanks for this database... i guess it's a bit late to see this, but still, helpful ;) hope i pass that evaluative exam... ;)

Anonymous July 30, 2009 at 6:41 AM  

thank u for the info ... i hope that this data would be updated for future readers...

Anonymous August 5, 2009 at 2:33 AM  

question...is there such thing as Community Planning Phase in COPAR???

I am sorry...it's either my instructor said it wrong or I didn't hear it right...

JanMck Hilado August 14, 2009 at 1:16 AM  

Nope, the one stated above are the only phases in COPAR

Anonymous August 16, 2009 at 6:30 AM  

can anyone help me
i cannot find the different levels in commmunity participation.

Anonymous September 10, 2009 at 1:22 AM  

is community diagnosis one of the phases?

Anonymous November 17, 2009 at 5:01 AM  

that database are only example.but this is more effective if we will apply on actual process

madhel January 14, 2010 at 6:01 PM  

thanks much for this information. it does help a lot. :D

Anonymous January 20, 2010 at 7:01 PM  

what institution or who is the person behind the Copar and when did it started??

Ponce Kristian Jaris January 23, 2010 at 5:34 AM  

why is it that action phase is not included in this COPAR?

Anonymous February 3, 2010 at 12:51 AM  

i just want to know what makes the difference between CO-PAR and Social Work's Community Organization method? or is there no difference at all, only that CO-PAR is more used term in Health related professions? pls contact me in my e-mail.. ldp_aaquino@yahoo.com thank you :)

Anonymous June 28, 2010 at 5:12 AM  

tnx...vry helpful :)

Anonymous August 30, 2010 at 2:44 AM  

THANX.. it really helps me a lot.. :)

Anonymous October 7, 2010 at 4:00 AM  

Is it really true that there is a CORE GROUP PHASE? Any?

Anonymous November 11, 2010 at 7:13 AM  

why is phase out not included?

Anonymous December 13, 2010 at 10:54 PM  


Anonymous January 27, 2011 at 12:35 AM  

I really cant understand COPAR.....

Anonymous February 3, 2011 at 12:47 AM  

sino Author nyan?

Anonymous February 18, 2011 at 4:07 AM  

hey, tnx for this. it really helped me a lot...

Anonymous March 3, 2011 at 8:02 PM  

this article is really of great help... hope i can pass our exams today!:)

Anonymous March 26, 2011 at 7:30 PM  

these phases are the only phases according to the book of David.

Anonymous May 2, 2011 at 6:25 PM  

thanks a lot for the info.i think there are 4, 5 and 6 phases of COPAR depending upon the source of your information. community action planning is one of the many phases in a 5 or 6 phase COPAR.books are limited but there are 2 as far as i know (Maglaya and the other one was written by a nun, sorry i forgot).

Anonymous May 6, 2011 at 1:15 AM  

it will help me alot. thanks!

Ardnaxe January 23, 2012 at 12:23 PM  

Hello everyone,

I got a question regarding the way to assess the effectiveness of COPAR. Is there a way to evaluate its effectiveness?

Anonymous April 9, 2013 at 8:18 AM  

A person necessarily assist to make critically articles I might state.
That is the first time I frequented your web page and to this point?
I surprised with the analysis you made to make this actual publish amazing.
Magnificent activity!

Also visit my site ... Http://Identi.ca/

Anonymous April 10, 2013 at 3:35 AM  

I am genuinely thankful to the holder of this website who has shared this enormous article at here.

Also visit my web site; exercises to improve vertical leap

Anonymous April 12, 2013 at 4:57 AM  

Hi there, I log on to your blogs like every week. Your humoristic style is witty, keep up the good

Have a look at my web page: http://Articlesfind.com/Some-Good-Exercises-That-Will-Increase-Your-Ability-To-Jump.htm

Anonymous April 14, 2013 at 2:49 PM  

Have you ever considered about adding a little bit more than just your articles?
I mean, what you say is fundamental and all. Nevertheless imagine if you added some great graphics or videos to give your posts more,
"pop"! Your content is excellent but with pics and clips, this website could undeniably be one of the very best in its niche.
Superb blog!

Feel free to visit my site; test.chao.org.pl

Anonymous April 15, 2013 at 6:45 AM  

Since the admin of this site is working, no
hesitation very soon it will be famous, due to its feature contents.

My blog post; www.emediastudios.tv

Anonymous April 15, 2013 at 8:33 AM  

Howdy! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a quick
shout out and say I really enjoy reading your blog posts.
Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that deal with the same
topics? Many thanks!

My web blog: exercises to increase vertical

Anonymous April 29, 2013 at 11:18 AM  

Hi! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you
using for this site? I'm getting sick and tired of Wordpress because I've had issues with hackers and I'm looking at alternatives for another platform. I would be awesome if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

My web-site - verticaljump.einfohound.com

Anonymous May 1, 2013 at 4:35 PM  

Ahaa, its good discussion about this article here at this website, I have read all that, so at this time me also commenting here.

Feel free to visit my web page ... exercises for vertical

Anonymous May 9, 2013 at 10:01 PM  

These are actually great ideas in on the topic of blogging.
You have touched some nice things here. Any way keep up wrinting.

My webpage - http://www.plurk.com

Anonymous May 11, 2013 at 10:12 AM  

Good post. I learn something new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon on a
daily basis. It will always be exciting to read through content from other writers and
use something from other web sites.

Here is my blog: HTTP://www.Facebook.com/tom.bings.7

Anonymous May 21, 2013 at 2:53 AM  

Hi! I've been following your site for a long time now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from Humble Texas! Just wanted to say keep up the fantastic job!

My blog http://Www.Ourgspot.com/IMLChaunc

Anonymous May 21, 2013 at 11:51 AM  

It's going to be end of mine day, however before end I am reading this fantastic post to improve my experience.

Here is my web page ... exercises to increase vertical leap

Anonymous May 22, 2013 at 3:42 AM  

What a material of un-ambiguity and preserveness of
precious knowledge about unexpected emotions.

Stop by my web-site ... Dadsnet.org

Anonymous May 22, 2013 at 6:01 AM  

When I initially left a comment I seem to have
clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each
time a comment is added I receive 4 emails with
the same comment. There has to be a way you are able to remove me
from that service? Appreciate it!

My blog - workouts to increase vertical leap

Anonymous May 22, 2013 at 10:12 PM  

Good day! I simply would like to give you a huge thumbs up for your excellent info you've got here on this post. I'll be
coming back to your website for more soon.

My web-site; jump manual review

Anonymous May 23, 2013 at 3:24 PM  

Hey there! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers?
My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing many months
of hard work due to no back up. Do you have any solutions to stop hackers?

Feel free to surf to my homepage Childfamilypractices.Ca

Anonymous May 24, 2013 at 2:25 AM  

Everything posted made a great deal of sense. However, what about this?
suppose you added a little content? I mean, I don't want to tell you how to run your website, however suppose you added a title to possibly get people's attention?
I mean "Community Organizing Participatory Action Research (COPAR) Nursing" is kinda boring.
You ought to glance at Yahoo's front page and note how they create news headlines to grab people interested. You might try adding a video or a picture or two to get people excited about what you've written.
Just my opinion, it could make your blog a little bit more

Also visit my homepage - vertical leap exercises

Anonymous May 26, 2013 at 4:32 AM  

I have read so many posts regarding the blogger lovers except this paragraph is actually
a pleasant post, keep it up.

Look at my webpage: pacorrete4x4.com

Anonymous June 14, 2013 at 12:07 PM  

I do believe all of the ideas you have presented for
your post. They're really convincing and can certainly work. Still, the posts are too brief for starters. May you please prolong them a bit from next time? Thanks for the post.

Look at my web page legal amphetamines

Post a Comment

Join Now

Recent Comments

My Sister's Online Shop

  © Blogger template 'External' by Ourblogtemplates.com 2008

Back to TOP